He was born on 10th July 1951 in a farmer’s family at village Babhora, Varanasi to Shri Rambadan Singh and Smt. Gujarati Devi.
He received his basic education in the village and subsequently, he completed his MSc Physics from Gorakhpur University UP. He worked as a lecturer of Physics at K.B. Post-Graduate College Mirzapur, UP.
1977 -He was elected as an MLA in UP Assembly.
1983 -He became a State Secretary of UP BJP.
1984 -He became a State President of BJP’s Youth Wing (BJYM).
1986 to 1988 -He became National General Secretary of BJYM and subsequently National President of BJYM in 1988.
1988 to 1991 -He was elected MLC for UP Legislative Council in 1988 and became Education Minister in 1991. During his tenure as Education Minister in UP, he established landmarks by introducing the Anti-Copying Act and Vedic Mathematics in the syllabus and correction of various portions of history textbooks.
1994 -He became MP Rajya Sabha in 1994 and also the Chief Whip of the BJP in Rajya Sabha.
1997 -On 25th March 1997, he became State President of UP BJP. During this period, apart from expanding and strengthening the organization, he played a key role in saving the BJP led Government twice during the political crisis.
1999 -On 22nd November 1999, he became Union Surface Transport Minister. During this period, he got the opportunity to initiate the NHDP (National Highway Development Programme), a dream project of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
2000 -On 28th October 2000, he became the Chief Minister of UP and was twice elected as MLA from Haidargarh constituency in Barabanki. In 2002, he became National General Secretary of BJP.
2003 -On 24th May 2003, he became Union Minister of Agriculture and subsequently for Food Processing. During this period, he initiated a few epoch-making projects like Kisan Call Centre and Farm Income Insurance Scheme.
2004 -In July 2004, he was again appointed as National General Secretary of BJP. As a General Secretary, he held the charge of two states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand and ensured BJP’s victory in both the states by his exemplary organizational ability.
2005 -He became the BJP national President on 31st, December 2005. As BJP President he covered the entire length and breadth of the country. He also embarked on Bharat Suraksha Yatra which covered several States taking up the cause of increasing terrorist activities and threats to internal security. He laid emphasis on issues of public interest like spiralling prices of essential commodities, farmers’ grievances and cynical minorityism practised by the UPA Government.
2009 -In May 2009, he was elected MP from Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh.
2014 -In May 2014, he was elected MP from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh. On May 26, 2014, Shri Rajnath Singh took oath as the Union Minister of India. Since then he is actively working as the Union Minister for Home Affairs.